As the capital city of Bihar, Patna experiences a subtropical climate, influenced by its proximity to the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. The city witnesses three main seasons – summer, monsoon, and winter. Understanding the weather patterns in Patna is essential for residents and travelers alike to plan activities and make necessary arrangements. Let’s delve deeper into each of these seasons and explore the weather in Patna.

Summer in Patna

Summer in Patna typically spans from March to June, with temperatures soaring due to the hot winds blowing in from the west. The average temperature ranges from 30°C to 45°C, with May being the hottest month. The scorching heat during this season can be quite challenging for residents, leading to the excessive use of air conditioning and fans.

Monsoon Season

From July to September, Patna experiences the monsoon season, characterized by heavy rainfall. The city receives an average rainfall of around 1,020 mm, rejuvenating the parched surroundings. Monsoons bring relief from the oppressive heat, providing a pleasant atmosphere for outdoor activities.

Winter in Patna

Winter in Patna lasts from November to February, with temperatures dropping to as low as 5°C during the coldest months. The city experiences a significant drop in mercury levels, necessitating warm clothing to combat the chilly weather. The winter season provides a welcome respite from the sweltering summers, making it an ideal time to explore the city’s attractions.

Weather Extremes

Patna, like many other cities, is susceptible to weather extremes such as heatwaves and cold waves. In recent years, the city has witnessed an increase in the frequency and intensity of these extreme weather events, necessitating measures to adapt and mitigate their impact. It is crucial for residents to stay informed and prepared for such occurrences.

Key Attractions

Despite the weather variations, Patna boasts a range of attractions that cater to diverse interests. From historical sites like Golghar and Patna Museum to religious landmarks such as Mahavir Mandir and Takht Sri Patna Sahib, the city offers a rich tapestry of cultural experiences. Visitors can explore these sites throughout the year, with each season adding a unique charm to the surroundings.

Tips for Weather Preparedness

  1. Stay Hydrated: Given the high temperatures during summer, it is essential to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and fluids.
  2. Dress Appropriately: Wear light and breathable clothing in summer and layer up during winter to stay comfortable.
  3. Plan Outdoor Activities: Schedule outdoor activities during the milder months of winter and monsoon to avoid extreme weather conditions.


Understanding the weather patterns in Patna is integral to maximizing one’s experience in the city. By being aware of the seasonal variations and taking necessary precautions, residents and travelers can navigate through the diverse climatic conditions with ease. Embracing the essence of each season while exploring the cultural heritage of Patna enriches the overall journey, creating lasting memories in the heart of Bihar.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. How hot does Patna get during summer?
  2. Patna experiences temperatures ranging from 30°C to 45°C during the summer months.

  3. What is the average rainfall in Patna during the monsoon season?

  4. The city receives an average rainfall of around 1,020 mm from July to September.

  5. How cold does it get in Patna during winter?

  6. Winter temperatures in Patna can drop to as low as 5°C during the coldest months of November to February.

  7. What are the key attractions to visit in Patna?

  8. Some of the key attractions in Patna include Golghar, Patna Museum, Mahavir Mandir, and Takht Sri Patna Sahib.

  9. How can I stay prepared for weather extremes in Patna?

  10. To stay prepared, it is advisable to stay informed about weather forecasts, stock up on necessary supplies, and have contingency plans in place.

By addressing these common questions, individuals can gain valuable insights into the weather dynamics of Patna and make informed decisions based on their specific needs and preferences.


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